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On which Underlying Instruments are Options Traded?

Options are traded on different underlying instruments. Here are some of the most common underlying instruments:Equities, Commodities, Currencies, Bonds/Interest rates, Futures oder Equity indices.

Equities often are the underlying instrument for options. Equity options on around 500 different shares from thirteen different countries are traded at Eurex Exchange. Eurex equity options cover all components of the EURO STOXX® 50 Index.
Wheat, metal, livestock or power are some of the underlying instruments of commodity options. In historical terms, they were the predecessors of options on financial instruments.
All the world's major currencies can be used as underlying instruments for options.
Underlying instruments for these options can be bonds or interest rates. There are also options on bond futures, and options on interest rate futures.
Futures can also be the underlying instrument for options. Eurex Exchange offers a range of options on different futures, such as the Eurex Euro Bund Future.
The underlying instruments of such options are equity baskets that reflect the performance of the entire stock market (such as DAX options), or of individual sectors. The options contract with the highest turnover on Eurex Exchange is the option on the EURO STOXX 50® Index. Over 225 million contracts alone were traded in 2013.

Some options are based on underlying instruments where delivery is difficult or impossible. For these, the transfer of the underlying instrument is often replaced by a so-called cash settlement. Examples include options on equity indices, and some options on interest rates.
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